Here are seven ways to explain this sūtra from seven different, respected, and renowned authorities known for their work with Patañjali’s Yoga Sūtras.
T.K.V. Desikachar: There are five activities of the mind. Each of them can be beneficial and each can cause problems.
B.K.S. Iyengar: The movements of consciousness are fivefold. They may be cognizable or non-cognizable, painful or non-painful.
Sri Swami Satchidananda: There are five kinds of mental modifications which are either painful or painless.
Chip Hartranft: There are five types of patterns, including both hurtful and benign.
Gregor Maehle: There are five types of mind waves, which can be troublesome or untroublesome.
Swāmi Hariharānanda Āranya: They fall into five varieties of which some are ‘klista’ and the rest are ‘aklista’
I.K. Taimni: The modifications of the mind are five-fold and are painful or not-painful.
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